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Manipulation in the Grey Zone: Evidence from Ghana’s Parliamentary Elections in 2008 and 2012

05 December 2023

Research has focused on the blunter forms of electoral manipulation. Less attention has been given to the more subtle forms, although these are more common. This paper investigates one type of subtle electoral manipulation: miscounting, meaning election officers who selectively reject ballots during the counting. It suggests that miscounting (one of the ways in which political candidates can rig elections) is characterised by low risks and high direct costs.

Read the full article that was published in the African Journal of Elections by WSG Academic Dr Halfdan Lynge-Mangueira.